The experts of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) (1) are worried about climate change in all the countries around the Mediterranean.
Indeed, an IPCC report of June 2021 (2) already warned of the risks of heat waves, extreme heat and drought in the very near future.
Extreme heat is the greatest threat to the Mediterranean. Temperatures are expected to rise faster around the Mediterranean in the coming decades.
Up to 93 million more people could face heat waves on the northern shore of the Mediterranean.
Heat waves and droughts will increase, and with them fires.
This can already be seen in the numerous fires that have been raging since June 2021 in Italy, Greece, Turkey and Lebanon, the latter country facing a serious ecological crisis with its century-old cedar forests seriously affected, as well as an economic and humanitarian crisis.
In the Middle East and North Africa, the risk of elderly people dying from heat could increase three to 30 times by 2100.
We are all united in the future and we must act now because the danger is upon us.
The reasons for concern are rising sea levels, loss of land and marine biodiversity, forest fires and freshwater scarcity.
Moreover, in the latest IPCC report of 9 August 2021 (3), the situation in the Mediterranean will worsen with climate change. The latter is even more pessimistic than the former, while remaining unfortunately pragmatic and relying on proven scientific data, it adds:
He believes that “The Mediterranean region, which is currently experiencing unprecedented fires in Greece, Turkey and Lebanon, will be a ‘hot spot’ for global warming.
He confirms that temperatures are expected to rise faster around the Mediterranean than globally in the coming decades. This will have an impact on agriculture, fishing and tourism. Some regions could see their agricultural crops collapse by 64%. The area of burnt forest could double or triple, depending on efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, he goes on to say that fires also degrade air quality in affected regions, such as Turkey and Greece. Heatwaves could also cause water shortages, coastal flooding and potentially deadly heat, affecting up to 93 million people by 2050.
This draft report also concludes that only if global warming is kept well below two degrees “would coastal settlements, cultural heritage sites, and terrestrial and marine ecosystems be maintained in a sustainable state in most areas of the Mediterranean basin.
We can see that there is an urgent need to undertake together policies of ecological transition, innovative and ambitious techniques to face this emergency situation.
The facts are there, the awareness is brutal but must commit us, for example, through Euro-Mediterranean cooperation to federate the partner countries and territories affected in order to have an even stronger cooperation and to set up together efficient and visionary projects to save our common sea.
(1) The IPCC is an intergovernmental panel on climate change. It is an organisation that was set up in 1988 at the request of the G7 (group of seven richest countries: USA, Japan, Germany, France, Great Britain, Canada, Italy).
(2) and (3) Official IPCC website: